Difference between revisions of "Emissions overview"
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Revision as of 20:08, 20 December 2012
Here is a quick overview of the emissions inventories that are currently available in GEOS-Chem.
- 1 Anthropogenic emissions
- 2 Biofuel emissions
- 3 Biogenic emissions
- 4 Biomass burning
- 5 Other NOx emissions sources
- 6 Aerosol emissions
- 7 Inventory History
- 8 Emissions regridding issues
- 9 MAP_A2A regridding algorithm
Please also see our table of species listed by inventory on our Anthropogenic emissions wiki page.
EDGAR (Default inventory)
Starting with GEOS-Chem v9-01-02, the default anthropogenic emissions in GEOS-Chem come from the global EDGAR emissions inventory. In previous versions, the GEIA/Piccot inventory was the default. EDGAR can be overwritten by one or more regional emissions inventories in various locations of the globe (e.g. N. America, Asia, Europe, etc.).
RETRO anthropogenic VOC emissions are available beginning with GEOS-Chem v9-01-02, and are the recommended default VOC emission inventories. The RETRO inventory has improved temporal and spatial resolution and a more inclusive suite of speciated NMVOCs than many of the other optional inventories.
Anthropogenic emissions of aerosols
Several aerosol species have anthropogenic emissions. Please see our aerosol emissions page for more information about these inventories.
Annual scale factors
Several of the emission inventories are for a particular year or range of years. To obtain emissions for years outside of the given range, interannual scale factors must be applied.
The default biofuel inventory is that of Yevich and Logan . This inventory can be overwritten by:
Please see our biofuel emissions wiki page for more detailed information.
Biogenic species (Isoprene, Monoterpenes, Methyl Butenol) are emitted following the MEGAN model inventory. Please see our MEGAN biogenic emissions wiki page for more information. Also see our Isoprene Emission Estimates in the Literature page for Isoprene Emission Estimates in the literature.
GFED is the recommended biomass burning emission inventory. GFED3 will be used for model versions 9-01-02 and later, while GFED2 is available for previous versions. GFED includes emission factors for gas-phase species (NOx, CO, ALK4, ACET, MEK, ALD2, PRPE, C3H8, CH2O, C2H6), aerosol species (SO2, NH3, BC, OC), and CO2.
Most of these are also anthropogenic emissions species.
--Mcooper 12:59, 9 August 2011 (EDT)
Other NOx emissions sources
Please see the following wiki pages for information about other sources of NOx emissions:
--Bob Y. 14:40, 17 March 2010 (EDT)
Please see our Aerosol emissions wiki page for a full description of the inventories which contain aerosol species (e.g. SO2, SO4, NH3, NH4, etc.)
--Bob Y. 14:40, 17 March 2010 (EDT)
The following table describes important changes to the emission inventories:
|v9-01-03||Sep 2012||Improved acetone simulation||Emily Fischer (Harvard)|
|v9-01-03||Sep 2012||Complete shift of biogenic VOC emissions from GEIA to MEGAN; retire GEIA||Dylan Millet|
|v9-01-03||Sep 2012||OVOC's dry deposition||Jingqiu Mao (NOAA/GFDL)|
|v9-01-03||Sep 2012||Historical emission inventories of SO2, NOx, BC, and POA||Eric Leibensperger (MIT)|
|v9-01-03||Sep 2012||PARANOX model for evolution of ship exhaust plumes||Geert Vinken (Eindhoven)|
|v9-01-03||Sep 2012||Geert Vinken (Eindhoven)||Christopher Pickett-Heaps (formerly Harvard)|
Kevin Wecht (Harvard)
|v9-01-02||Nov 2011||Retirement of GEIA biogenic emissions||E. Fischer (Harvard)|
D. Millet (U. Minnesota)
|v9-01-02||Nov 2011||Historical SO2, NOx, BC and POA emissions||Eric Leibensperger (MIT)|
|v9-01-02||Nov 2011||Update biomass burning emissions to GFED3||Prasad Kasibhatla|
|v9-01-02||Nov 2011||Implementation of RETRO Anthropogenic VOC emissions||W. Reinhart, U. of Minnesota|
|v9-01-01||Feb 2011||Updated lightning parameterization and fix for cloud-top-height algorithm||L. Murray, Harvard|
|v9-01-01||Feb 2011||Updated volcanic SO2 emissions from Aerocom||J. Fisher (Harvard)|
|v8-03-01||May 2010||Extension of annual anthropogenic scale factors to 2006||A. van Donkelaar, Dalhousie|
|v8-03-01||May 2010||Emissions for Nested NA/EU Simulations Nested Grid||A. van Donkelaar, Dalhousie|
|v8-03-01||May 2010||Emissions for Global 1 x 1.25 simulation capability||L. Lamsal, Dalhousie|
|v8-03-01||May 2010||Speciated biogenic emissions from MEGAN v2.1 now used in SOA code||H. Pye, Caltech|
|v8-02-04||Feb 2010||EPA/NEI2005 regional emissions inventory for North America||P. Le Sager (formerly Harvard),|
A. van Donkelaar (Dalhousie)
|v8-02-04||Feb 2010||MEGAN v2.1 biogenic emissions||Mike Barkley, Edinburgh|
|v8-02-03||Oct 2009||ICOADS ship emissions||Chulkyu Lee, Dalhousie|
|v8-02-03||Oct 2009||Updated OTD/LIS redistribution factors for GEOS-5||Lee Murray, Harvard
Please see the following documentation for information on previous model versions:
- Description of anthropogenic emissions inventories in GEOS-Chem v8-02-03
- Description of anthropogenic emissions inventories in GEOS-Chem v8-01-04
- Table of available anthropogenic emissions inventories for use w/ GEOS-Chem (pre-v8)
Documents like these will no longer be produced. Information on the current model version can be found throughout the wiki.
Emissions regridding issues
Different regridding approaches have been tried in order to prepare for model simulations at the GEOS-5 native resolution of 0.5x0.667, or other high resolution possibilities.
With each step in regridding, information is reorganized in such a way that it cannot be recovered by later regridding in the reverse direction, therefore, optimal regridding is done in a single step. This means that when input emissions data are provided on a given grid, the optimal approach (to avoid losing information) is to leave them on that grid, read them into the model and regrid in the code to the desired resolution. This is the approach currently used for GFEDv2 which comes in on a generic 1x1 grid (360x180).
However, at present, the model does a 2-step regridding using functions from regrid_1x1_mod.f in the following way:
1) function DO_REGRID_G2G_1x1 regrids generic_1x1 --> GEOS_1x1
2) function DO_REGRID_1x1 regrids GEOS_1x1 --> desired resolution
The above is not equivalent to the single step regridding carried out in IDL (regridH.pro).
An alternative is to use the Fortran regridding code map_a2a (developed by S.-J. Lin and refined by Bob Yantosca). I have experimented with this in the model and have it working for some situations but the code has a single option for half-polar grids. This permits direct regridding from an input half-polar grid to an output half-polar grid, or an input full-polar grid to an output full-polar grid, but does not properly regrid between full-polar and half-polar.
Figures depicting CO2 differences in the net terrestrial exchange field which was on a generic 1x1 grid then regridded to 2x2.5 for a model simulation using different approaches (IDL regridh.pro, regrid_1x1_mod, and map_a2a) are shown below, to emphasize that a single-step regridding approach is the best universal approach.
-- Ray Nassar 16:22, 10 May 2011 (EDT)
MAP_A2A regridding algorithm
Prasad Kasibhatla and Matt Cooper have implemented the MAP_A2A algorithm into GEOS-Chem. This update was tested in the 1-month benchmark simulation v9-01-03k and approved on 27 Apr 2012.
Please visit our Regridding in GEOS-Chem wiki page for the latest information about the MAP_A2A regridding algorithm, including bug fixes and updates.
--Bob Y. 15:57, 28 August 2012 (EDT)