Biomass burning emissions

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GEOS-Chem v11-02-final will also carry the designation GEOS-Chem 12.0.0. We are migrating to a purely numeric versioning system in order to adhere more closely to software development best practices. For a complete description of the new versioning system, please see our GEOS-Chem version numbering system wiki page.




This page describes the options for biomass burning emissions in GEOS-Chem.

NOTE: In GEOS-Chem v10-01 and higher versions, biomass burning emissions are handled by the HEMCO emissions component.

GFED4

The GFED4 biomass burning emission inventory is now the current default biomass burning dataset for GEOS-Chem (as of v10-01, June 2015). GFED4 includes emissions for years beyond 2011.

--Bob Y. (talk) 15:42, 26 October 2015 (UTC)

GFED3

The GFED3 biomass burning emissions inventory has been the default biomass burning option in GEOS-Chem since GEOS-Chem v9-01-02 (November 2011). It was superseded by GFED4 in June 2015. You may still use GFED3 as a research option.

--Bob Y. (talk) 15:48, 26 October 2015 (UTC)

FINNv1

The FINNv1 biomass burning emission inventory has been added to GEOS-Chem v10-01 via the HEMCO emissions component. This inventory may be used to replace GFED3 for research purposes.

--Melissa Sulprizio 10:21, 18 February 2015 (EST)

QFED

The QFED biomass burning emission inventory has been added to GEOS-Chem v10-01 via the HEMCO emissions component. This inventory may be used to replace GFED3 for research purposes.

--Melissa Sulprizio (talk) 18:27, 14 September 2016 (UTC)

FLAMBE

The FLAMBE biomass burning emissions inventory was used in several research versions of GEOS-Chem, especially to provide modeling support for aircraft field campaigns. But it was never adopted as a standard GEOS-Chem biomass burning emissions option.

--Bob Y. 15:39, 13 February 2015 (EST)

Previous issues that are now resolved

Fix bug in biomass burning emissions when GFED is turned off

This update was included in v11-02f (approved 17 May 2018).

Corey Trujillo (U. Colorado) wrote:

I've been learning GEOS-Chem v11-01 and have encountered two anomalies (one a bug, one a potential bug) when I turn off GFED. These also appear to persist in v11-02d.
The first issue is that the model defaults to using BOND biomass burning if GFED (or FINN) is off. This is a bit strange, especially since BOND biomass burning would then be turned on if a user turned off GFED and FINN but turned on QFED - this would lead to double biomass burning emissions for BC and OC. This can be avoided by defining a separate emission extension for BOND biomass burning in HEMCO_Config.rc, i.e. replacing this:
  (((.not.GFED.or.FINN
  0 BOND_BM_BCPI   $ROOT/BCOC_BOND/v2014-07/Bond_biomass.nc BC   2000/1-12/1/0 C xy kg/m2/s BCPI 70    2 1
  0 BOND_BM_BCPO   -                                        -    -             - -  -       BCPO 71    2 1
  0 BOND_BM_OCPI   $ROOT/BCOC_BOND/v2014-07/Bond_biomass.nc OC   2000/1-12/1/0 C xy kg/m2/s OCPI 72    2 1
  0 BOND_BM_OCPO   -                                        -    -             - -  -       OCPO 73    2 1
  0 BOND_BM_POG1   -                                        -    -             - -  -       POG1 74/76 2 1
  0 BOND_BM_POG2   -                                        -    -             - -  -       POG2 74/77 2 1
  ))).not.GFED.or.FINN
with something like this:
  (((BOND_BBURN
  0 BOND_BM_BCPI   $ROOT/BCOC_BOND/v2014-07/Bond_biomass.nc BC   2000/1-12/1/0 C xy kg/m2/s BCPI 70    2 1
  0 BOND_BM_BCPO   -                                        -    -             - -  -       BCPO 71    2 1
  0 BOND_BM_OCPI   $ROOT/BCOC_BOND/v2014-07/Bond_biomass.nc OC   2000/1-12/1/0 C xy kg/m2/s OCPI 72    2 1
  0 BOND_BM_OCPO   -                                        -    -             - -  -       OCPO 73    2 1
  0 BOND_BM_POG1   -                                        -    -             - -  -       POG1 74/76 2 1
  0 BOND_BM_POG2   -                                        -    -             - -  -       POG2 74/77 2 1
  )))BOND_BBURN
The second issue is that if someone is to use the BOND biomass burning emissions, either intentionally or not, the emissions are not showing up in the BC-BIOB diagnostic. Instead, that diagnostic is all zeros, even though there is still clearly biomass burning emissions occurring in the model. Figures demonstrating this for a one month simulation of the standard code for July 2013, 4x5, GEOSFP, can be found here.
There is thus a bug in the BC-BIOB diagnostic — has anyone else encountered this or have a suggestion for a fix?

Therese Carter (MIT) wrote:

A question came up recently about v11-01 defaulting to using BOND biomass burning emissions if QFED is switched on and both FINN and GFED are switched off. This can be fairly easily fixed by adding the following code in red:
  (((.not.GFED.or.FINN.QFED2
  0 BOND_BM_BCPI   $ROOT/BCOC_BOND/v2014-07/Bond_biomass.nc BC   2000/1-12/1/0 C xy kg/m2/s BCPI 70    2 1
  0 BOND_BM_BCPO   -                                        -    -             - -  -       BCPO 71    2 1
  0 BOND_BM_OCPI   $ROOT/BCOC_BOND/v2014-07/Bond_biomass.nc OC   2000/1-12/1/0 C xy kg/m2/s OCPI 72    2 1
  0 BOND_BM_OCPO   -                                        -    -             - -  -       OCPO 73    2 1
  0 BOND_BM_POG1   -                                        -    -             - -  -       POG1 74/76 2 1
  0 BOND_BM_POG2   -                                        -    -             - -  -       POG2 74/77 2 1
  ))).not.GFED.or.FINN.QFED2

--Bob Yantosca (talk) 16:02, 17 May 2018 (UTC)

References

  1. Duncan, B.N., et al., Interannual and Seasonal Variability of Biomass Burning Emissions Constrained by Satellite Observations, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D2), 4040, doi:10.1029/2002JD002378, 2003. PDF
  2. Hyer, E., FLAMBE Biomass Burning emissions for ARCTAS, 2008. PDF
  3. Lobert, J. M., W. C. Keene, J. A. Logan, and R. Yevich, Global chlorine emissions from biomass burning: the reactive chlorine emissions inventory, J. Geophys. Res., 8, 2999-3014, 2008.
  4. Mu, M., J.T. Randerson, G.R. van der Werf, L. Giglio, P. Kasibhatla, D. Morton, G.J. Collatz, R.S. DeFries, E.J. Hyer, E.M. Prins, D.W.T. Griffith, D. Wunch, G.C. Toon, V. Sherlock, and P.O. Wennberg, Daily and 3-hourly variability in global fire emissions and consequences for atmospheric model predictions of carbon monoxide, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 116, D24303, doi:10.1029/2011JD016245, 2011.
  5. Nassar, R., J. A. Logan, I. A. Megretskaia, L. T. Murray, L. Zhang, and D. B. A. Jones, Analysis of tropical tropospheric ozone, carbon monoxide and water vapor during the 2006 El Niño using TES observations and the GEOS-Chem model, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D17304, doi:10.1029/2009JD011760, 2009. PDF

--Melissa Payer 15:10, 21 February 2012 (EST)

Obsolete information

These sections pertain to code or data that has been removed from the most recent versions of GEOS-Chem. We shall keep this information here for reference.

GFED2

Obsolete.jpg

The GFED2 biomass burning emissions are now considered obsolete. They have superseded by GFED3, and more recently, GFED4.

--Bob Y. (talk) 15:49, 26 October 2015 (UTC)

Duncan et al "Seasonal" Biomass Emissions

Obsolete.jpg

See Bey et al [2001]. These emissions are now considered obsolete in GEOS-Chem.

--Bob Y. (talk) 15:50, 26 October 2015 (UTC)

Duncan et al "Interannual" Biomass Emissions

Obsolete.jpg

See Duncan et al [2003]. These emissions are now considered obsolete in GEOS-Chem.

--Bob Y. (talk) 20:47, 26 October 2015 (UTC)