First-time Git setup

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  1. Introduction to Git
  2. Installing Git
  3. First-time Git setup
  4. Cloning (i.e. downloading for the first time)
  5. Ignoring files
  6. Viewing the revision history
  7. Using Git GUI
  8. Branching
  9. Committing
  10. Tagging
  11. Merging
  12. Receiving updates (aka pulling)
  13. Using patches to share your updates with others
  14. Advanced Git usage
  15. Git and Github tutorials

Define global Git settings

Before using Git for the first time, you need to set up your ~/.gitconfig file. This will set some global parameters, such as your name and email, and the external editor that you wish to use with Git. Once you have defined your ~/.gitconfig file, you can copy it any other computer systems where you use Git. That will ensure that you have the same identity and settings across all systems.

By editing the .gitconfig file

Open a text editor and then cut & paste the text from this sample .gitconfig file.

        name = Your Name
        email =
        editor = emacs

There are other settings you can add, but these are the absolute minimum that you need. Be sure to change your name and email accordingly, this is how Git will know who you are!

When you are done editing the file, save it as ~/.gitconfig.

Or by using the git config command

If you do not wish to manually edit the the ~/.gitconfig file, you can define the same settings by using the git config --global command:

git config --global "Your Name"
git config --global
git config --global core.editor emacs

Further reading

  1. First-time Git setup (Official Git documentation)
  2. Git configuration (Official Git documentation)
  3. Git configuration (Numpy documentation)

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