- Simulations overview
- Mechanisms for full-chemistry simulations (e.g. Standard, Tropchem, etc.)
- Aerosol-only simulation
- CH4 simulation
- CO2 simulation
- Hg simulation
- POPs simulation
- Tagged CO simulation
- Tagged O3 simulation
- TransportTracers simulation
On this page we describe the aerosol-only (a.k.a. offline aerosol) simulation.
- 1 Description
- 2 Assumptions
- 3 Practicalities
- 4 Previous issues that have now been resolved
- 5 Known issues
The aerosol simulation is an offline simulation for aerosol tracers only. It uses archived monthly mean OH, NO3, O3 and total nitrate concentrations archived from a previous full-chemistry simulation (more on that below), as well as production and loss rates for H2O2. This simulation does not provide "tagged" capabilities, but reduces the suite of tracers from full chemistry.
- OH concentrations are taken from a previously run full chemistry simulation. The default is from a much earlier version of the model, when OH thought to be more realistic. The standard code uses OH from version 5-07-08, with GEOS3 meteorology.
- O3, NO3 and total nitrate (HNO3+NIT) concentrations, as well as production rates and photolysis rates for H2O2 are taken from a previously run full chemistry simulation. The current default fields were produced from a GEOS-4, v7-02-03 simulation. These files are generally located in the sulfate_sim_200508/offline/ directory in your GEOS-Chem data directories.
GEOS-Chem v9-02 and later versions
The offline aerosol is simulation type 10. For a full set of aerosol tracers (based on the 100-tracer full-chemistry SOA simulation), the input.geos should look like this:
Type of simulation : 10 Number of Tracers : 47 Tracer Entries -------> : TR# Name g/mole Tracer Members; () = emitted Tracer #1 : 1 DMS 62.00 Tracer #2 : 2 SO2 64.00 Tracer #3 : 3 SO4 96.00 Tracer #4 : 4 SO4s 96.00 Tracer #5 : 5 MSA 96.00 Tracer #6 : 6 NH3 17.00 Tracer #7 : 7 NH4 18.00 Tracer #8 : 8 NIT 62.00 Tracer #9 : 9 NITs 62.00 Tracer #10 : 10 H2O2 34.00 Tracer #11 : 11 BCPI 12.00 Tracer #12 : 12 OCPI 12.00 Tracer #13 : 13 BCPO 12.00 Tracer #14 : 14 OCPO 12.00 Tracer #15 : 15 DST1 29.00 Tracer #16 : 16 DST2 29.00 Tracer #17 : 17 DST3 29.00 Tracer #18 : 18 DST4 29.00 Tracer #19 : 19 SALA 36.00 Tracer #20 : 20 SALC 36.00 Tracer #21 : 21 MTPA 136.23 Tracer #22 : 22 LIMO 136.23 Tracer #23 : 23 MTPO 136.23 Tracer #24 : 24 TSOG1 150.00 Tracer #25 : 25 TSOG2 150.00 Tracer #26 : 26 TSOG3 150.00 Tracer #27 : 27 TSOG0 150.00 Tracer #28 : 28 TSOA1 150.00 Tracer #29 : 29 TSOA2 150.00 Tracer #30 : 30 TSOA3 150.00 Tracer #31 : 31 TSOA0 150.00 Tracer #32 : 32 ISOG1 150.00 Tracer #33 : 33 ISOG2 150.00 Tracer #34 : 34 ISOG3 150.00 Tracer #34 : 35 ISOA1 150.00 Tracer #36 : 36 ISOA2 150.00 Tracer #37 : 37 ISOA3 150.00 Tracer #38 : 38 BENZ 12.00 (6C) Tracer #39 : 39 TOLU 12.00 (7C) Tracer #40 : 40 XYLE 12.00 (8C) Tracer #41 : 41 ASOG1 150.00 Tracer #42 : 42 ASOG2 150.00 Tracer #43 : 43 ASOG3 150.00 Tracer #44 : 44 ASOAN 150.00 Tracer #45 : 45 ASOA1 150.00 Tracer #46 : 46 ASOA2 150.00 Tracer #47 : 47 ASOA3 150.00
This list can be reduced by turning off any aerosol species (eg. SOA, dust, SS, etc). You may also run without the secondary organic aerosols (MTPA, LIMO, MTPO, TSOG0–3, TSOA0–3, ISOG1–3, ISOA1–3, ASOG1–3, ASOA1–3, ASOAN) if you wish (but we recommend that you use them).
--Melissa Sulprizio 12:51, 5 November 2013 (EST)
Previous issues that have now been resolved
Fixed undefined molecular weight of HNO3 in routine SEASALT_CHEM
This fix was included in v11-01j and approved on 03 Dec 2016
In routine SEASALT_CHEM (in GeosCore/sulfate_mod.F), the MW_HNO3 variable was undefined for aerosol-only simulations, which do not use HNO3 as a defined species. This issue was detected by a unit test using the GNU Fortran compiler.
To fix this issue, we have added the following block of code, which defines
MW_HNO3 whether or not HNO3 is a defined species:
! Get the molecular weight of HNO3 from the species database ! if it is defined, otherwise set it manually (bmy, 10/11/16) IF ( id_HNO3 > 0 ) THEN MW_HNO3 = State_Chm%SpcData(id_HNO3)%Info%emMW_g ELSE MW_HNO3 = 63.0_fp ENDIF
NOTE: This is just a quick fix. Ideally, we will want to declare HNO3 as a non-advected species in the GEOS-Chem species database for these simulationns.
Error in ISOROPIAII when sulfate aerosols are turned off
This update was tested in the 1-month benchmark simulation v9-02r and approved on 14 Nov 2013.
Chris Butenhoff wrote:
- I set ONLINE SULFATE AEROSOLS = F and removed the sulfate aerosols from the tracer list. However I now get the error "IDTSO4 is undefined" from isoropia11_mod.F (line 207).
For full-chemistry simulations, we only call routine DO_ISOROPIAII if sulfate aerosols are used (i.e. LSULF = T). However, no such check exists when running the offline aerosol simulation. This was probably an oversight and we should add the following fix to routine DO_CHEMISTRY (in GeosCore/chemistry_mod.F):
!*** AEROSOL THERMODYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM *** IF ( LSULF ) THEN IF ( LSSALT ) THEN #if !defined( NO_ISORROPIA ) ! ISOROPIA takes Na+, Cl- into account CALL DO_ISOROPIAII & ( am_I_Root, Input_Opt, State_Met, State_Chm, RC ) #endif ELSE ! RPMARES does not take Na+, Cl- into account ! (skip for crystalline & aqueous offline run) IF ( .not. LCRYST ) THEN CALL DO_RPMARES( am_I_Root, Input_Opt, & State_Met, State_Chm, RC ) ENDIF ENDIF ENDIF
--Bob Y. 15:29, 14 November 2013 (EST)
ND05 diagnostic quantities zeroed unexpectedly
The binary punch format diagnostics will soon be made obsolete in a future GEOS-Chem version.
Helen McIntyre wrote:
- I'm running the new and old versions of GEOS-Chem, and both seem to not output all the ND05 diagnostics correctly. There are 10 prod/loss diagnostics in this category, but only the 5th, 6th and 7th work. All the rest come out as zero.
- I've had a brief look though the code, and it seems that the ones that work are calculated in one part of the routine (sulfate_mod.f), and the zero ones in another (I don't know if this has anything to do with it).
- I've just done a 1 day run, with GEOS-Chem v8-01-01 at 4x5 resolution using GEOS-5 met fields. The old version I'm using is v7-02-04 and I get the same result.
- The 'ctm.bpch', 'geos.log' and 'input.geos' files from the v8-01-01 run can be found here: http://homepages.see.leeds.ac.uk/~lechlm/files/
Claire Carouge replied:
- There are some problems in the calculations. For the 5th element of AD05 (in Fortran notations and not IDL), the diagnostic come from the value of L1 which is calculated line 1529 (v8-01-04):
L1 = ( SO20 - SO2_cd + PSO2_DMS(I,J,L) ) * RK1/RK
- But on line 1508, we have:
RK1 = 0.d0
- with the previous comment:
! For online runs, SMVGEAR deals w/ this computation, ! so we can simply set RK1 = 0 (rjp, bmy, 3/23/03)
- So L1 is always 0. I have no idea what RK1 is for, you may have to go into the physics/chemistry behind the code and we are not qualified to help you with it.
- The other values for AD05 are calculated in the routine CHEM_DMS and this routine is only called in an offline aerosol simulation (l. 545 in sulfate_mod.f).
- So my guess is that the ND05 diagnostic was designed for offline simulations and if you want it for online chemistry, you need to implement it.