In GEOS-Chem v10-01 and prior versions, physical parameters (e.g. pi) were defined in multiple locations within GEOS-Chem. In some cases, the parameters were defined with different values or precisions. In an effort to improve accuracy, consistency, and transparency within GEOS-Chem, the GEOS-Chem Support Team is working towards implementing usage of a single set of global parameters everywhere. Updates made per version, starting with v11-01f, are described on this wiki page.
For v11-01e and prior versions, global constants are stored in /Headers/CMN_GCTM_mod.F. For v11-01f and later versions, global constants are stored in /Headers/physconstants.F. A complete list of parameters in both files are in the next section of this wiki page.
We encourage developers to take advantage of the physical parameters available by including the following use statements in routines or modules:
- v11-01e and prior versions:
- v11-01f and later versions:
Physical Constants Available
In v11-01f, we made the following changes:
- Changed the name of the global physical parameter file from /Headers/CMN_GCTM_mod.F to /Headers/physconstants.F
- Updated all files in GeosCore to use physical parameters in /Headers/physconstants.F
- Added Boltzmann's constant and standard atmosphere to global physical parameters available
- Adjusted hard-coded physical parameter values in HEMCO to match global physical parameter values
- Adjusted molar gas constant value in /GeosUtil/henry_mod.F to match value in /Headers/physconstants.F
- Adjusted values of some global physical parameters to match NIST, 2014 values
Prior and updated values of global physical constants in /Headers/physconstants.F are listed in the table below. All values use flexible precision and are therefore double-precision unless compiling with single-precision enabled. Parameters in v11-01f that are different than in previous versions, either due to different values or because they were previously not included, are in bold.
|Parameter||Description||Units||Prior to v11-01f||v11-01f||Source|
|Avogadro's Number||AVO||particles/mol||6.022e+23||6.022140857e+23||NIST, 2014|
|Acceleration due to gravity at earth's surface||g0||m/s2||9.8||9.80665||NIST, 2014|
|Molar gas constant||RSTARG||J/K/mol||8.31450||8.3144598||NIST, 2014|
|Standard atmosphere||ATM||Pa||Not Included||101325||NIST, 2014|
|Boltzmann's constant||BOLTZ||J/K||Not Included||1.38064852e-23||NIST, 2014|
|Von Karman's constant||VON_KARMAN||Unitless||0.4||0.4||legacy|
|Radius of earth||Re||m||6.375e+6||6.375e+6||legacy|
|Dry air gas constant||Rd||J/K/kg||287.0||287.0||legacy|
|Water vapor gas constant||Rv||J/K/kg||Not Included||461.0||legacy|
|Molecular weight of dry air||AIRMW||g/mol||28.97||28.97||legacy|
|Molecular weight of water||H2OMW||g/mol||18.016||18.016||legacy|
|Scale height of the atmosphere||SCALE_HEIGHT||m||7600||7600||legacy|
|Molecules dry air per kg dry air||XNUMOLAIR||molecules/kg||AVO / 28.9644e-3||AVO / ( AIRMW * 1e-3 )||N/A|
|100 divided by acceleration due to gravity||g0_100||s2/m||100. / g0||100. / g0||legacy|
|Pi divided by 180||PI_180||unitless||PI / 180.||PI / 180.||legacy|
|Dry air gas constant divided by the acceleration due to gravity||Rdg0||J s2/K/kg/m||Rd / g0||Rd / g0||legacy|
- Physical parameters are still hard-coded in several places within HEMCO. Using a single set of global physical parameters in HEMCO will be in a future HEMCO version update.
- Values for pi and the radius of the earth are also defined in /GeosUtil/regrid_a2a_mod.F90 and values for the molar gas constant and standard atmosphere are also defined in /GeosUtil/henry_mod.F. These definitions remain so that the HEMCO standalone software has access to them. In the current version of HEMCO, the HEMCO standalone does not download /Headers/physconstants.F and therefore does not have access to global parameters defined in that file. This design may change in a future version.