GEOS-Chem model development priorities

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On this page we list the current priorities for GEOS-Chem development. This list is continuously updated based on code readiness and input from the Working Groups and the Steering Committee. For history of past releases see the GEOS-Chem Versions wiki page.

Release schedule

Please see the GEOS-Chem Release Proposal outlining the procedure and schedule for releasing GEOS-Chem versions.

Merged and awaiting release

See the links below for items merged and awaiting release.

Patch version in development Major version in development
- GEOS-Chem 14.0.0

Feature integration in progress

Features listed in this table are actively being integrated into GEOS-Chem by the GEOS-Chem Support Team. In addition, we continuously implement structural updates in the model to maintain and develop coupling with other models including GEOS, CESM, and the model adjoint.

Feature Contributor(s) Model scope Ease of implementation Notes and References

TOMAS in GCHP Betty Croft (WashU) Aerosols Simple
Adaptive chemical solver (as option) / KPP 3.0.0 Mike Long (Harvard)
Haipeng Lin (Harvard)
Bob Yantosca (GCST)
Lu Shen (PKU)
Chemistry Complicated
  • Lin, H., M.S. Long, R. Sander, R.M. Yantosca, L.A. Estrada, L. Shen, and D.J. Jacob, An adaptive auto-reduction solver for speeding up integration of chemical kinetics in atmospheric chemistry models: implementation and evaluation in the Kinetic Pre-Processor (KPP) version 3.0.0, submitted to JAMES,, 2022.
Joint CO2-CO-CH4-OCS simulation via KPP Beata Bukosa (NIWA)
Kevin Bowman (JPL)
Mike Long (Harvard)
Specialty simulation Medium
RO2 diagnostic Melissa Sulprizio (Harvard) Diagnostics Simple
Output satellite diagnostics as NetCDF Eloise Marais (UCL) Diagnostics Simple
Provide climatologies for open fire emissions Melissa Sulprizio (Harvard) Emissions Simple
Climatologies for lightning NOx Lee Murray (Rochester) Emissions Simple
Add new species concentration diagnostic in units of molec/cm3 Haipeng Lin (Harvard) Diagnostics Simple
Identify and remove memory leaks and similar issues Bob Yantosca (Harvard) Structural Medium
Update transport tracer simulation for consistency with the tracer gridded component in GEOS Melissa Sulprizio (Harvard) TransportTracer simulation Simple
Bug fix for GFAS in GCHP Lizzie Lundgren (Harvard) GCHP Simple
Use pointers to internal state for species arrays in GCHP/GEOS Lizzie Lundgren (Harvard) GCHP/GEOS Medium
Revision to a rate constant for the C2H4 scheme Kelvin Bates (Harvard) Chemistry Easy
Fix product in HOBr/Cl + S(IV) reactions Xuan Wang (CUHK) Chemistry Easy
Add MO2 + NO3 reaction Kelvin Bates (Harvard) Chemistry Easy

Delivered and in the queue

Features listed in this table have been delivered to the GEOS-Chem Support Team and are prioritized to be integrated into GEOS-Chem in the near future.

Feature Contributor(s) Model scope Ease of implementation Notes and References
AMAP 2015 emissions from GMA2018 Helene Angot(MIT)
Ari Feinberg (MIT)
Noelle Selin (MIT)
Hg simulation Simple
  • Delivered to GCST (Jul 2022)
Improvements in modelled Hg0 dry deposition to land Ari Feinberg (MIT)
Noelle Selin (MIT)
Thandolwethu Dlamini (MIT)
Martin Jiskra (UBasel)
Viral Shah (Harvard)
Hg simulation Simple
  • See geoschem/geos-chem PR #1367
  • The study is already published and could be incorporated into the standard model as a default. Some tweaking to the reduction rate may be required as the model halogen oxidation has also been updated in v13.4.
HTAPv3 at 0.1 deg Dandan Zhang (WashU) Emissions Simple
  • Delivered to GCST (Jul 2022)

Delivered but not yet prioritized

Features listed in this table have been delivered to the GEOS-Chem Support Team but are not yet prioritized for integration into GEOS-Chem.

Feature Contributor(s) Model scope Ease of implementation Notes and References
Tagged O3 simulation in GCHP Xingpei Yu (PKU)
Jourdan He (WashU)
TagO3 simulation Simple
Global continental chlorine (pCl and HCl) emissions Bingqing Zhang (Georgia Tech)
Pengfei Liu (Georgia Tech)
Emissions Simple
  • Delivered to GCST (Jul 2022)
Ecophysiology module in GEOS-Chem for biosphere-atmosphere exchange Joey Lam(CUHK)
Amos Tai (CUHK)
Science Simple
LPJ land cover (global), fire (W US), dust emissions (SW N America), 1700-2100 Yang Li (Baylor University)
Loretta Mickley (Harvard)
Emissions Simple
  • Data files delivered to GCST (July 2021)
  • Data are quite large - need to think about storage, compression
Stratospheric HCN chemistry Armin Kleinbohl (JPL)
Debra Weisenstein (Harvard, retired)
Chemistry Medium
  • Delivered to GCST (Jun 2020)

Ready but not delivered

Features listed in this table are ready but have not been delivered to the GEOS-Chem Support Team.

Feature Contributor(s) Model scope Notes and References
Updating VOC fire emissions and adding lumped furan Colette Heald (MIT)
Jessica Haskins (MIT)
  • Carter, T. S., Heald, C. L., Kroll, J. H., Apel, E. C., Blake, D., Coggon, M., Edtbauer, A., Gkatzelis, G., Hornbrook, R. S., Peischl, J., Pfannerstill, E. Y., Piel, F., Reijrink, N. G., Ringsdorf, A., Warneke, C., Williams, J., Wisthaler, A., and Xu, L.: An Improved Representation of Fire Non-Methane Organic Gases (NMOGs) in Models: Emissions to Reactivity, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. [preprint],, in review, 2022.
Nitrate photolysis Viral Shah (NASA GMAO) Chemistry
  • Shah, V., D.J. Jacob, R. Dang, L.N. Lamsal, S.A. Strode, S.D. Steenrod, K.F. Boersma, S.D. Eastham, T.M. Fritz, C. Thompson, J. Peischl, I. Bourgeois, I.B. Pollack, B.A. Nault, R.C. Cohen, P. Campuzano-Jost, J.L. Jimenez, S.T. Andersen, L.J. Carpenter, T. Sherwen, and M.J. Evans, Nitrogen oxides in the free troposphere: Implications for tropospheric oxidants and the interpretation of satellite NO2 measurements, EGUsphere [preprint],, 2022.
Online H2 chemistry Maria Paula Pérez-Peña (UNSW)
Jenny Fisher (UOW)
Dylan Millet (UMN)
Alk4 & R4N2 chemistry Jared Brewer (Harvard) Chemistry
  • Brewer, J.F., D.J. Jacob, S.H. Jathar, Y. He, A. Akherati, S. Zhai, D.S. Jo, A. Hodzic, B.A. Nault, P. Campuzano-Jost, J.L. Jimenez, R.J. Park, Y.J. Oak, and H. Liao, A scheme for representing aromatic secondary organic aerosols in chemical transport models: application to source attribution of organic aerosols over South Korea during the KORUS-AQ campaign, submitted to J. Geophys. Res., 2022.
Organic acids (RCOOH) Katie Travis (NASA) Chemistry
Update reactions with new JPL & IUPAC recommendations Kelvin Bates (Harvard) Chemistry
  • Currently running simulations to check magnitude of changes
Improve carbon & nitrogen conservation in reactions Kelvin Bates (Harvard) Chemistry
Blowing snow sea salt in TOMAS Betty Croft (Dalhousie) Aerosols
Geologic emission of ethane and propane Matthew Rowlinson and Mat Evans(York) Emissions
New version of CEDS at 0.1 deg Emma Knowland (NASA) Emissions
MEIC (China regional) for 2000-2017 at 0.5x0.625 deg Shixian Zhai (Harvard) Emissions
  • Need permission from Qiang Zhang (Tsinghua U.) to distribute data
KORUS-AQ emissions for East Asia Katie Travis (NASA) Emissions
  • Need permission to distribute data
Australian anthropogenic Hg emissions Stephen MacFarlane (UOW)
Jenny Fisher (UOW)
Hannah Horowitz (U. Illinois)
Viral Shah (Harvard)
Hg simulation
WRF-GC Hg simulation Xiaotian Xu (Nanjing U.)
Yanxu Zhang (Nanjing U.)
Hg simulation
Updated HgII gas-partical partitioning Kaiyun Liu (Tsinghua U.)
Qingru Wu (Tsinghua U.)
Shuxiao Wang (Tsinghua U.)
Hg simulation
  • Should be option, not default
Dry deposition to F90 (readability) Chris Holmes (FSU) Dry deposition

Almost there (< 6 months)

Features listed in this table are in development and will likely be delivered to the GEOS-Chem Support Team within the next 6 months.

Feature Contributor(s) Model scope Notes and References

DMS Chemistry Linia Tashmim (UC Riverside)
William Porter (UC Riverside)
PPN+hv, PPN+OH Robert Ryan (UCL) Chemistry
MBO Michael Vermeuel (UMN) Chemistry
Stratospheric adjustment with RRTMG in GEOS-Chem Seb Eastham (MIT) Science
Re-binning of off-line sea salt and dust for use in TOMAS Betty Croft (Dalhousie) Aerosols
Adaption of TOMAS' in-cloud aqueous sulfate production for KPP versus sulfate_mod.F90 Betty Croft (Dalhousie) Aerosols
ML algorithms for bulk aerosols Arshad Nair (SUNY Albany)
Fangqun Yu (SUNY Albany)
PM2.5 and PM10 calculations: aerodynamic vs geometric diameters Shixian Zhai (Harvard) Aerosols
Updates to Hodzic SOA scheme Jared Brewer (Harvard) Aerosols
Automated reduction in isoprene scheme Dan Westervelt (Lamont-Doherty) Aerosols
Brown carbon chemsitry Jingqiu Mao (U. Alaska)
Xuan Wang (CUHK)

GEOS resolution and subgrid convection - Part 2 RAS parameter tuning Tailong He (Toronto)
Dylan Jones (Toronto)
Andrea Molod (NASA GMAO)
Update surface methane boundary condition using NOAA flask data Lee Murray (Rochester) Input data
Provide recommended rather than hard-coded scaling factors for online emissions Melissa Sulprizio (Harvard) Emissions
High-res top-down TROPOMI-derived seasonal mean NOx emissions for China Jintai Lin (PKU) Emissions Horizontal resolution: 5km, temporal resolution: JJA mean (monthly data will be available at a later stage; please contact us).
Updated biomass burning emission factors and species Tess Carter (MIT) Emissions
Updated offline sea salt emissions Hongjian Weng (PKU)
Jintai Lin (PKU)
HgII deposition too high in 13.4; Hg0 conc too low; should not use as is Viral Shah (NASA GMAO)
Yanxu Zhang (Nanjing U.)
Ari Feinberg (MIT)
Hg simulation
Canopy Physics Model Sam Silva (MIT) Emissions &
Gridded EPA (GEPA) version 2 emissions for 2012-2018 Bram Maasakkers (SRON)
Erin McDuffie (WashU),
Melissa Sulprizio (Harvard)
CH4 simulation
Reduce dimension of analytical inversion Hannah Nesser (Harvard) Adjoint capability
Retire all BPCH diagnostics Bob Yantosca (Harvard) Diagnostics
GEOS-Chem in CESM 2.3 Lizzie Lundgren (Harvard) Interfacing with ESMs
Assess memory leak in GCHP Killian Murphy (York) Model performance
Point to internal state for species mixing ratios in GCHP and GEOS Lizzie Lundgren (Harvard)
Christoph Keller (NASA)
Assess precision in GCHP internal state - use R4 for some? Lizzie Lundgren (Harvard) Structural
Hybrid MPI-OpenMP in GCHP Seb Eastham (MIT)
Killian Murphy (York)
Model performance
Convert HEMCO input files to YAML Melissa Sulprizio (Harvard) Structural
Allow easy disabling of HEMCO emissions for testing Melissa Sulprizio (Harvard) Structural
Improve run directory templating and creation with and shared directories Jourdan He (WashU) Run directories
Table of CTM and online GCM properties: GCHP, GCC, GEOS-CTM, GC-Nested, online GEOS, GEOS-replay, etc GCST? Documentation
Upgrade Fast-JX to Cloud-J Lizzie Lundgren (Harvard) Structural

Over the horizon (6-12 months)

Features listed in this table are in development and will likely be delivered to the GEOS-Chem Support Team in the 6-12 months timeframe.

Feature Contributor(s) Model scope Notes and References
Snow / Icy Bromine Becky Alexander (UW)
William Swanson (U. Alaska)
Shuting Zhai (UW)
Monoterpene oxidation scheme Jessica Haskins (MIT) Chemistry
Fire related VOCs including furans Lu Hu (UMT)
Lixu Jin (UMT)
Extension of UCX into the mesosphere Seb Eastham (MIT)
Eric Fleming (NASA)
Methane flux ingestion Eloise Marais (UCL) Chemistry
Parameterized effective radius Haihui Zhu (WashU) Aerosols
Dust non-sphericity impacts on surface chem and optical properties Inderjeet Singh (WashU) Aerosols
Size-resolved stratospheric aerosol Seb Eastham (MIT) Aerosols
Extend aerosol settling Eloise Marais (UCL) Aerosols
Stratospheric aerosol APM Fangqun Yu (SUNY) Aerosols
Plume-in-grid model Hongwei Sun (Harvard) Chemistry
Updated lightning NOx: Prescribe from ground and geostationary lightning flashes Lee Murray (Rochester) Emissions
Seb aircraft emissions beyond recent 2019 update Seb Eastham (MIT) Emissions
FRP-based fire emsisions for eastern US at 0.2 deg Charlie Fite (FSU) Emissions
Hg iodine chemistry Yiming Fu
Yanxu Zhang (Nanjing U.)
Hg simulation
Hg simulation in GCHP Ari Feinberg (MIT)
Lyssa Freese (MIT)
Hg simulation
Update Hg ocean and soil boundary conditions for consistency with new chemistry Yanxu Zhang (Nanjing U.) Hg simulation
Dry deposition diagnostics by land cover Holly Nowell (FSU) Diagnostics
Dry deposition process diagnostics Holly Nowell (FSU) Diagnostics
Isotope simulation for CO and CH4 in GCHP Lee Murray (Rochester) Carbon simulation
Updated bottom-up global CH4 oil, gas, and coal emissions (GFEI v3) Melissa Sulprizio (Harvard)
Tia Scarpelli (U. Edinburgh)
Zichong Chen (Harvard)
CH4 simulation
Separate mixing and emissions Bob Yantosca (Harvard) Structural
Modularization of aerosols code for interface with GOCART in GEOS Christoph Keller (GMAO) Structural
Migrating simple SOA formation from carbon_mod.F90 into the KPP "full-chemistry" mechanism Bob Yantosca (Harvard) Structural
Improve load balancing in GCHP Seb Eastham (MIT) Model performance
Update to MAPL 3 in GCHP, including replacement of ExtData.rc with YAML file Lizzie Lundgren (Harvard) Structural
Assessment/improvement of OpenMP performance in GC-Classic and HEMCO standalone Bob Yantosca (Harvard) Model performance
Limit allocation of State_Met to what is needed per simulation Melissa Sulprizio (Harvard) Structural
Make frequency of HEMCO restart file configurable Melissa Sulprizio (Harvard) Diagnostics
Apply masks/scaling in HEMCO based on input category or flag Melissa Sulprizio (Harvard) Structural
Testing the use of monthly mean MERRA-2 CWC with Pb-210 aerosol tracer Bo Zhang (NIA)
Hongyu Liu (NIA / NASA Langley)
Testing the use of a new scavenging parameterization developed by Luo and Yu for cold cloud with Pb-210 aerosol tracer Gan Luo (SUNY Albany)
Fangqun Yu (SUNY-Albany)
Evaluate vertical mixing in GEOS-Chem with model-model and model-observation comparisons Seb Eastham (MIT)
Clara Orbe (NASA GISS)
Andrew Schuh (CSU)

Longer term (12-24 months)

Features listed in this table are in development and will likely be delivered to the GEOS-Chem Support Team in the 12-24 months timeframe.

Feature Contributor(s) Model scope Notes and References

New soil NOx parameterization Yi Wang (U. Iowa)
Jun Wang (U. Iowa)
Updates to Aromatic chemistry Stephen MacFarlane (UOW)
Jenny Fisher (UOW)
Nitrate photolysis Mat Evans (York)
Thomas Sherwen (York)
Matthew Rowlinson (York)
In aerosol chemistry Halogens Mat Evans (York)
Hansen Cao (CU Boulder)
Benchmark box model of GC Chemistry Katie Travis (NASA) Chemistry
Alkyl nitrates Alk7, PHAN Katie Travis (NASA) Chemistry
Add stratospheric ozone species to full-chemistry simulations Lee Murray (Rochester) Chemistry
Perchlorate chemistry Yuk Chun Chan (UWAB) Chemistry
Explicit heterogeneous sulfate chemistry Katie Travis (NASA)
Becky Alexander (UT)
ISORROPIA-lite Becky Alexander (UW) Aerosols
HOx and ozone "emissions" from lightning as option in model to play with Jingqiu (Alaska)
Lee Murray (Rochester)
Sea salt aerosol from sea ice leads Hannah Horowitz (U. Illinois) Emissions
Drought-stress algorithm Wei Li (U. Houston)
Biomass burning injection height profiles Inderjeet Singh (WashU) Emissions
OCIM integration Chris Holmes (FSU)
Lee Murray (Rochester)
Updating landcover products in GEOS-Chem Chris Holmes (FSU)
Jeff Geddes (BU)
Input data
Dry deposition physical improvement Chris Holmes (FSU) Dry deposition
Extend the IMI system to other trace gases Lucas Estrada (Harvard) Adjoint capabilities

TOMAS WRF-GC in regional Thailand simulation Win Trivitayanurak (Chulalongkorn U) Aerosols

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