Bromine chemistry mechanism

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NOTE: Page under construction!


Bromine chemistry has been added as an option to run with SMVGEAR or KPP in v.8-03-01 as an extension to the standard model's full chemistry simulation. Important features include:

1.) Add 10 bromine tracers: Br2, Br, BrO, HOBr, HBr, BrNO2, BrONO2, CHBr3, CH2Br2, and CH3Br
2.) 4 source gases:
     - CH3Br: concentrations are set to average CMDL measured concentrations prior to each chemistry step.
     - Very short lived (VSL) source gases:
         - CH2Br2 and CHBr3. These account for > 80% of the VSL organic bromine through the troposphere (WMO, 2007).
         - Emissions are taken from Q. Liang et al. [2010] + a seasonal scaling for CHBr3 at lat > 30N described in J. Parrella et al. [in prep.]
             - 429 Gg CHBr3 / yr; 62 Gg CH2Br2 / yr
     - Sea-salt debromination:
         - Largely follows Yang et al. [2005], treating the debromination as an emission of Br2, constrained to measured bromide depletion factors.
         - 1.4 Tg Br2 / yr using the Monahan sea-salt production function and coarse aerosol bin range of 0.5 - 10 um.
3.) Wet and dry deposition for HBr, HOBr, and BrONO2.

Code should be made available soon. This wiki page is under construction, but feel free to contact Justin Parrella ( with any questions about the code.

Chemical Mechanism

Chemical Lifetimes

Source code and data files


Known issues