Specifying compilers for GEOS-Chem

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  2. Configuring your computational environment
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  7. Compiling
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  10. Visualizing and processing output
  11. Coding and debugging
  12. Further reading


On this page, we discuss how to specify the compilers that you will use with GEOS-Chem "Classic".

Please see Setting Up the GCHP Environment for detailed instructions about setting up your computational environment for a GCHP simulation.

Featured tutorial videos

We have posted these tutorials about using Spack to install a compiler and libraries for GEOS-Chem at youtube.geos-chem.org:

Spack 1 thumbnail.png
Click HERE to view!!
Spack 2 thumbnail.png
Click HERE to view!!

--Bob Yantosca (talk) 14:56, 16 January 2020 (UTC)

Selecting the compiler

There are typically several ways in which you can select the compiler that you wish to use with GEOS-Chem. Not all of these may be present on your system, so it is always best to ask your IT staff about the method that your system uses.

Using a module manager

Many computational clusters use the Lmod module system or the environment-modules package to allow you to pick and choose different pre-compiled software programs and libraries. Lmod makes it easy to switch between different compiler versions, if more than compiler has been installed. Check with your IT staff if your system uses the Lmod module command.

If your system uses one of these module managers, then you can load the compiler with commands such as:

module load intel/19.0

or

module load gcc/9.2.0

... etc ...

(Actual commands will vary from system to system.)

You can typically place these module load commands in your .bashrc or .bash_aliases startup scripts. Ask your IT staff where they would prefer them to be placed.

When a module is "loaded", the following things typically happen:

  1. The path to the compiler executable is added to your Unix $PATH variable.
  2. One or more environment variables (e.g. $INTEL_HOME, $GCC_HOME) may be added to your Unix environment.

Using Spack

If you are using a compiler that was built with Spack, and you have a module manager package installed, then you can use the spack load command. The spack load command is similar to that of the module load command described above.

For example, if you have built the gcc/gfortran compilers version 9.2.0 with Spack, then this may be loaded into your environment with:

spack load gcc@9.2.0

where the @9.2.0 describes the version number.

Even if you don't have a module manager installed on your system, you can still use Spack-built libraries. In this case, you might need to manually set some environment variables using the paths to the Spack-built libraries. For more information, please see the Spack documentation.

Our Spack Tutorial #1 video provides a good overview of how to build a compiler using Spack and to make sure that your system can find it.

--Bob Yantosca (talk) 21:13, 16 January 2020 (UTC)

Direct specification

If your system uses neither the a module manager nor the Spack package manager, you can still manually specify the path to the compiler. Most Unix operating system builds (e.g. CentOS, Ubuntu, etc.) come with a prebuilt version of gcc/gfortran in /usr/bin/gfortran. So you can add this line to your ~/.bashrc file:

export PATH="/usr/bin/gfortran:$PATH"

and then type

source ~/.bashrc

to accept the changes.

--Bob Yantosca (talk) 22:18, 17 December 2019 (UTC)

Defining the proper environment variables

After you have specified a compiler to use with GEOS-Chem, you must set a few Unix environment variables. These definitions can be placed in the same startup script (usually .bashrc or .bash-aliases) as the commands that load the compiler.

Unix environment variables for compilers

It is a Unix convention to use the following environment variable names for compilers:

Variable Description
FC Name of the Fortran compiler
CC Name of the C compiler
CXX Name of the C++ compiler

In most cases, the Fortran, C, and C++ compilers are installed together as a integrated package. Often, using the module load command will load all three compilers into your Unix environment together. If you are using GEOS-Chem "Classic" then you really only need the Fortran compiler. But other software packages on your system will use the C and/or C++ compilers.

--Bob Yantosca (talk) 21:41, 17 December 2019 (UTC)

Check if compiler environment variables have been automatically set

On many systems (espcially those using the Lmod module system), FC, CC, and CXX will be set automatically for you when you use the module load command. The easiest way to check if these variables have been automatically set for you is to print them to the screen. Type at the Unix prompt:

echo $FC
echo $CC
echo $CXX

If these variables are all blank, then you must define these manually (see next section). If they are NOT blank, then you are all set!

--Bob Yantosca (talk) 21:42, 17 December 2019 (UTC)

Manually defining compiler environment variables

If the FC, CC, and CXX environment variables are all undefined, then you will have to manually set them in your startup script as described below:

If your
shell is
and your
compiler is
use these definitions
/bin/bash ifort export FC=ifort
export CC=icc
export CXX=icpc
/bin/bash gfortran export FC=gfortran
export CC=gcc
export CXX=g++

Then make sure to type:

source ~/.bashrc   # if you are using bash

to apply the changes.

--Bob Yantosca (talk) 21:38, 17 December 2019 (UTC)

Errors caused by incorrect environment variable settings

If you encounter any of the GEOS-Chem errors listed below, please doublecheck your environment variable settings as described above:

  1. f77: command not found

--Bob Yantosca (talk) 21:33, 19 December 2019 (UTC)

Further reading

  1. Guide to compilers for GEOS-Chem
  2. GEOS-Chem basics
  3. All you need to know about Unix environment variables (Network World)



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