Machine issues & portability
On this page we list the compiler-dependent and platform-dependent issues that we have recently encountered.
The Intel Fortran Compiler (aka IFORT) is our recommended compiler for GEOS-Chem. We have created a separate wiki page for Intel Fortran Compiler topics.
Please see the list of known issues with the Intel Fortran Compiler on this page.
--Bob Y. 16:12, 29 February 2012 (EST)
Please see the Portland Group Int'l vendor website for PGI compiler documentation.
Compatibility issues added in v9-01-02
Please see this list of minor bugs that were corrected in order to get the GEOS-Chem code to compile with the PGI compiler.
--Bob Y. 10:04, 23 February 2012 (EST)
Error with ADJUSTL and ADJUSTR
Win Trivitayanurak wrote:
In short, TRIM and ADJUSTL or ADJUSTR do not work together properly when compiled with Portland Group Fortran. I propose removing TRIM inside the subroutine StrSqueeze. This is not urgent and relevant to only the few PGI users.
So if you are using the PGI compiler, then you will have to modify the code in routine STRSQUEEZE "charpak_mod.f" such that the statements
STR = ADJUSTR( TRIM( STR ) ) STR = ADJUSTL( TRIM( STR ) )
are now replaced with
STR = ADJUSTR( STR ) STR = ADJUSTL( STR )
and this will solve the problem. We will incorporate this into a future release of GEOS-Chem.
Setting the stacksize
You may encounter an "out-of-memory" error (which may manifest itself as a segmentation fault) if your simulation uses a fine-resolution grid and/or a large number of advected tracers. This error can occur if your simulation is not using all of the available stack memory. Recall that the OpenMP parallelization utilizes the stack memory for storage of PRIVATE and THREADPRIVATE variables.
You can usually solve this problem by telling your simulation to use all of the available stack memory on the system. Here is an example script, intended for use with the PGI compiler:
Fangqun Yu wrote:
- Attached is a csh script (also copied below) we use to run the APM aerosol microphysics within GEOS-Chem. It works on our 8-core Linux machine with pgi compiler for all GEOS5 4x5, 2x2.5, and nested grid simulations.
#!/bin/csh setenv NCPUS 8 setenv MPSTKZ 1024M limit stacksize unlimited geos
- The limit stacksize unlimited command will set the Unix stack size memory to its maximum value.
- The PGI compiler environment variable MPSTKZ increases the stack size for threads executing in parallel regions. Please see the Online PGI compiler manual for more information.
--Bob Y. 15:49, 14 December 2010 (EST)
Sun Studio Compiler
NOTE: The Sun Studio compilers are now considered deprecated and are not officially supported. The relevant code and Makefiles exist to build GEOS-Chem with Sun Studio are still present. However, you may find that recent versions of GEOS-Chem may not compile without errors on Sun Studio.
Use "sunf90" and "sunf95"
Jack Yatteau wrote:
- In order to do the (Baselibs) installation, I had to make the gfortran (gnu) version of f90 the default . This conflicts with the name f90 in the SunStudio12 path. I also discovered that there was already a name conflict between the gnu version of f95 and SunStudio12 version.
- Users can avoid this by using the names sunf90 and sunf95 (e.g. in their makefile). Sun must have placed the names sunf90 and sunf95 in the Linux installation of SunStudio12 to cover just this situation.
Apparent "out of memory" error
Colette Heald wrote:
- I started a 2x2.5 v8-01-01 run with 54 tracers (including SOA) this morning. It gets through initialization and then fails when chemistry starts (I've attached the log so you can see how far it gets). The error message that gets dumped out by my system is as follows:
****** FORTRAN RUN-TIME SYSTEM ****** Error 12: Not enough space Location: the AUTOMATIC variable declaration at line 586 of "tpcore_fvdas_mod.f90"
- I didn't run into this with an almost identical v7-04-13 run and I double-checked that all my directories are not close to quota. I repeated the v8-01-01 run at 4x5 and it also ran no problem. Have either of you tested v8-01-01 at 2x2.5? Have you seen any tpcore related problems?
Philippe Le Sager replied:
- You are using GEOS-5 met field and your simulation has 47 levels instead of 30 with GEOS3 and 4. This is more than 50% increase, which affect the memory requirement. Using GEOS5 with secondary aerosols at 2x2.5 requires a lot of memory, and it seems you break the bank. You should try to turn off some diagnostic, particularly those (like met fields) you can get with another quick run without chemistry/transport.
Colette Heald replied:
- Thanks for your email. That certainly makes sense and I have managed to get it to run (slowly!) by removing diagnostics. What memory is the issue here? I've got 8 Gb of RAM on the Sun 4200's (2 dual-core = 4 proc) I'm running with which seems comparable/superior to what other folks are using with GEOS-Chem. Should I be looking for more RAM for future system purchases? Or is there something else that would improve the model performance?
Bob Yantosca replied:
- I think the relevant memory limit is the stacksize. This is the part of the memory where all automatic variables (i.e. variables in a subroutine or function that aren't in a common block, SAVE, or at the top of a module) are created on most compilers.
- Also, one of the issues is that when you enter parallel loops, then your memory use will increase. For example, if you are using 4 processors then you need to make 4 copies of every PRIVATE variable in the DO-loop. Most compilers (at least I know IFORT does) will use the stack memory for this.
- The -stackvar option in the SunStudio compiler puts automatic arrays on the stack whenever possible.
- Maybe you can play w/ the stacksize limit on your machine (set it to "unlimited" in your .cshrc) and that might help.
Colette Heald replied:
- Setting the stacksize to unlimited in my run script did the trick - I now have a GEOS5 run with a full suite of diagnostics running on my SUN machines no problem.
--Bob Y. 09:21, 2 May 2008 (EDT)
"Not enough space" error in TPCORE
Colette Heald wrote:
- I just replaced the tpcore_fvdas_mod.f90 with the patch for v8-01-04 to speed up the code. However with this update my code is crashing during the run. I'm running with Solaris on Sun machines. The last entry in the log is:
=============================================================================== TPCORE_FVDAS (based on GMI) Tracer Transport Module successfully initialized ===============================================================================
- The error file I get out from the run indicates:
****** FORTRAN RUN-TIME SYSTEM ****** Error 12: Not enough space Location: the AUTOMATIC variable declaration at line 565 of "tpcore_fvdas_mod.f90"
- Have you folks seen anything like this? Any suggestions for how to proceed?
Bob Yantosca wrote:
- This is traced to:
! fx, fy, fz and qtemp are now 4D arrays for parallelization purposes. ! (ccc, 4/1/09) REAL*8 :: fx (im, jm, km, nq) REAL*8 :: fy (im, jm+1, km, nq) ! one more for edges REAL*8 :: fz (im, jm, km, nq) REAL*8 :: qtemp (im, jm, km, nq) <<< it dies here>>> REAL*8 :: DTC(IM,JM,KM) ! up/down flux temp array
- so what that means is that you don't have enough memory to make this array. That may be expected since we now have a bunch more 4-D arrays than before. You've maxed out your stacksize setting, right? Otherwise it may be a system or compiler dependent error.
Colette Heald replied:
- Just an fyi, it turns out that my memory issue arose because my code was compiled as 32-bit instead of 64-bit (apparently with 64-bit I can access more swap space). I added the -m64 switch to the compile options and that did the trick.
Bob Yantosca replied:
- Another thing you can try...in the Makefile.ifort we have:
# Generic flags for all machines FFLAGS = -fpp -fast -stackvar -xfilebyteorder=big16:%all # Flags specific to TERRA FARCH = -xtarget=opteron -xchip=opteron -xarch=generic64 # Flags specific to TETHYS or CERES #FARCH = -xtarget=opteron -xchip=opteron -xarch=sse3a # Flags specific to the older SPARC machines #FARCH = -fpp -O4 -xarch=v9 # Compile command -- multiprocessor F90 = f90 $(FFLAGS) $(FARCH) -openmp=parallel -Dmultitask # Compile command -- single processor #F90 = f90 $(FFLAGS) $(FARCH)
- The $(FARCH) variable sets stuff up for the specific chipset that you have. This varies from machine to machine, we had a couple of options for our machines at Harvard.
- However, you can figure this out the proper options settings for your system with the following command:
> sunf90 -native -dryrun ### command line files and options (expanded): ### -xarch=ssse3 -xcache=32/64/8:4096/64/16 -xchip=core2 -dryrun
- so then you can use those values for the -xarch, -xchip, -xcache, etc. keywords. That may obviate the need for having to use -m64, and you'll get precisely the options that will optimize well for your chipset.
--Bob Y. 11:22, 24 April 2009 (EDT)