Chemistry Working Group

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All users interested in the GEOS-Chem chemistry scheme and associated processes (photolysis, heterogeneous, deposition) are encouraged to subscribe to the chemistry email list (click on the link in the contact information section below).

Contact information

Oxidants and Chemistry Working Group Co-Chairs
Oxidants and Chemistry Working Group email list geos-chem-oxidants [at] g.harvard.edu
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--Bob Y. (talk) 18:29, 21 August 2015 (UTC)

Current GEOS-Chem Chemistry Projects (please add yours!)

User Group Description Contact Person Date Added
NIA / LaRC Tropospheric ozone over East Asia: Ozonesonde observations and modeling analysis Hongyu Liu 5 May 2015
MIT Exploring the impact of monoterpene and aromatic chemistry on ozone and OH reactivity Will Porter 12 April 2017
MIT Simulating the global reactive carbon budget Sarah Safieddine 12 April 2017
University of York Halogen chemistry Tomas Sherwen 12 April 2017
University of York Isoprene over Borneo Shani Garraway 12 April 2017
University of York Impacts of uncertainty in chemical kinetics Ben Newsome 12 April 2017
University of York Impacts of resolution in GEOS-Chem Ben Newsome 12 April 2017
University of York Updates to the kinetics of Criegee chemistry based on new chamber experiments Mat Evans 12 April 2017
University of Wollongong Simulation of small (methyl, ethyl, propyl) alkyl nitrates in GEOS-Chem Jenny Fisher 12 April 2017
Harvard University Halogen extension to include explicit phase partitioning and mass transfer Sebastian D. Eastham 12 April 2017
US EPA Alkane chemistry and product yields as a function of temperature/pressure. Barron H. Henderson 4 May 2017
US EPA Carbon and Nitrogen Balance and checking software. Barron H. Henderson 4 May 2017
US EPA Update DSMACC for v11 GEOS-Chem Chemistry and Emissions to facilitate chemical experiments Barron H. Henderson 4 May 2017
FSU Stratosphere-troposphere coupling, improvements to UCX & H2 chemistry Chris Holmes May 2017
FSU Methane and methyl chloroform lifetimes Chris Holmes May 2017
FSU Arctic halogen & ozone chemistry Chris Holmes May 2017

--Bob Y. 15:08, 25 April 2014 (EDT)

Current GEOS-Chem Chemistry Issues (please add yours!)

Carbon balance

Script for evaluating carbon balance

Barron Henderson wrote:

[I created] an evaluation script to preserve balances going forward as the mechanism evolves (e.g., as isoprene gets updated).

Currently, this done using an off-line script described in a linked note. The approach is pretty straight-forward, but could be expanded to check conservation of functional groups as suggested by Mat.

Longer term, the same technique would ideally be built-in to the standard KPP as an optional report. I discussed it with Michael Long and we both think that KPP has most of the capability for atom conservation (if not all). It may simply be a matter of defining the chemical formulas in the *.spc file.

--Melissa Sulprizio (talk) 21:06, 22 May 2017 (UTC)

Fixes for carbon creating reactions

This update was included in v11-02c and approved on 21 Sep 2017.

Sarah Safieddine wrote:

Colette, Barron, Mat and myself modified 13 previous "carbon creating" reactions to preserve carbon. The [table below] lists all the corrections for the reactions in globchem.dat V902 that we corrected, with all the details.
Reaction # in globchem.dat v9-02 Unbalanced Reaction Rate constant Issue
(R=Reactants, P=Products)
Fix and corrected reaction (in green)
453 R4O2 + NO → NO2 + 0.32ACET + 0.19MEK + 0.18MO2 + 0.27HO2 + 0.32ALD2 + 0.13RCHO + 0.05A3O2 + 0.18B3O2 + 0.32ETO2 K* (1-YN) where YN is returned from fyrno3.f; K=2.7E-12 exp(350/T) (Xcarbn=4.5) Creates carbon: R=4C P=4.26C Replace 0.18B3O2 by 0.093B3O2 to achieve carbon closure (as suggested by Barron).

R4O2 + NO → NO2 + 0.32ACET + 0.19MEK + 0.18MO2 + 0.27HO2 + 0.32ALD2 + 0.13RCHO + 0.05A3O2 + 0.093B3O2 + 0.32ETO2
Use Barron's fix to correct ALK4 lumping issue instead.

453 R4N1 + NO → 2NO2 + 0.39CH2O + 0.75ALD2 + 0.57RCHO + 0.3R4O2 2.7E-12 exp(350/T) Creates carbon: R=4C, P=4.8C Fix, as suggested by Matt:

R4N1 + NO → 2NO2 + 0.570RCHO + 0.86ALD2 + 0.57CH2O

453 ATO2 + NO → 0.96NO2 + 0.96CH2O + 0.96MCO3 + 0.04R4N2 2.8E-12 exp(300/T) Creates carbon: R=3C, P=3.04 Fix as suggested by Mat: ditch the R4N2 channel

ATO2 + NO → NO2 + CH2O + MCO3

803 RIO2 → 2HO2 + CH2O + 0.5MGLY + 0.5GLYC + 0.5GLYX + 0.5GLYX + 0.5HAC + OH 4.07E+08 exp(-7694/T) Creates carbon: R=5C, P=7C
There was a fix proposed on the isoprene scheme wiki page but still not enough
Fix as suggested by Sarah: remove CH2O

RIO2 → 2HO2 + 0.5MGLY + 0.5GLYC + 0.5GLYX + 0.5HAC + OH
This reaction was replaced with RIO2 → 0.5HPALD + 0.5DHPCARP in the isoprene chemistry updates added in v11-02c

453 ISNOOB + NO3 → R4N2 + GLYX + 2NO2 2.3E-12 Creates carbon: R=5C, P=6C Fix as suggested by Barron: Replace R4N2 by PROPNN

ISNOOB + NO3 → PROPNN + GLYX + 2NO2
This reaction was replaced with ISNOOB + NO3 → 0.94PROPNN + GLYX + 2NO2 + 0.04ISN1OG in the isoprene chemistry updates added in v11-02c

453 ISNOOB+NO → 0.94R4N2 +0.94GLYX +1.88NO2 2.6E-12 exp(380/T) Creates carbon: R=5C, P=5.64C Same as above

ISNOOB + NO → 0.06R4N2 + '0.94PROPNN' + 0.94GLYX + 1.88NO2
This reaction was replaced with ISNOOB + NO → 0.9PROPNN + 0.94GLYX + 1.88NO2 + 0.04ISN1OG in the isoprene chemistry updates added in v11-02c

453 ISNOHOO + NO → 0.934R4N2 + 0.934HO2 + 0.919GLYX 2.6E-12 exp(380/T) Creates carbon: R=5C, P=5.574C Fix by Barron:

ISNOHOO + NO → 0.081R4N2 + 0.919PROPNN + 0.934HO2 + 0.919GLYX
This reaction was replaced with ISNOHOO + NO3 → 0.894PROPNN + 0.934HO2 + 0.919GLYX + 0.4ISN1OG in the isoprene chemistry updates added in v11-02c

472 MAN2 + HO2 → 0.075PROPNN + 0.075CO + 0.075HO2 + 0.075MGLY + 0.075CH2O + 0.075NO2 + 0.15OH + 0.85ISNP 2.91E-13*exp(1300/T)[1-exp(-0.245*n)],n=4 Creates carbon: R=4C, P=4.85C Fix by both Mat and Barron: Replace ISNP with 0.85MAOP + 0.85NO2

MAN2 + HO2 → 0.075PROPNN + 0.075CO + 0.075HO2 + 0.075MGLY + 0.075CH2O + 0.075NO2 + 0.15OH + 0.85MAOP + 0.85NO2

719 ATO2 + MCO3 → MEK + ACTA 1.87E-13 exp(500/T) Creates carbon: R=5C, P=6C From the WIKI: replace MEK with MGLY

ATO2 + MCO3 → MGLY + ACTA

817 Br + ALD2 → HBr + MCO3 + CO 1.3E-11 exp(-360/T) Creates carbon: R=2C, P=3C Remove CO Following Parrella et al., Table 2a, reactions R7 to R10 (also for the 3 reactions below)

Br + ALD2 → HBr + MCO3

818 Br + ACET → HBr + ATO2 + CO 1.66E-10exp(-7000/T) Creates carbon: R=3C, P=4C Remove CO, same as above

Br + ACET → HBr + ATO2

819 Br + C2H6 → HBr + ETO2 + CO 2.36E-10 exp(-6411/T) Creates carbon: R=2C, P=3C Remove CO, same as above

Br + C2H6 → HBr + ETO2

820 Br + C3H8 → HBr + A3O2 + CO 8.77E-11 exp(-4330/T) Creates carbon: R=3C, P=4C Remove CO, same as above

Br + C3H8 → HBr + A3O2

--Melissa Sulprizio (talk) 19:59, 27 July 2017 (UTC)

Identification of carbon leaking reactions

Sarah Safieddine wrote:

76 other reactions leaked carbon, we enforced carbon conservation by tracking the lost carbon as CO2 (labeled as {CO2} in the document ROC_SI.docx, Table 2). This is the supplementary material for Safieddine, Heald and Henderson, 2017. It contains the corrections for both the carbon leaking and carbon creating reactions and all other information. The paper for reference can be found here: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2017GL072602/abstract.

--Melissa Sulprizio (talk) 21:06, 22 May 2017 (UTC)

Fixes to correct ALK4 lumping issue

These fixes were included in v11-02a and approved on 12 May 2017.

Barron Henderson wrote:

I have a lumping-related issue that I know some of you are already aware of. There is a chemical carbon source (and secondary ETO2 source).

Right now, ALK4 (via R4O2) produces 4.26 moles carbon products per reaction. The ALK4 representation can be traced back to a paper by Frederick Lurmann. That paper refers to a report that I have been unable to obtain. In fact, Frederick Lurmann no longer has a copy. When we spoke, however, he confirmed my suspicion that ALK4 is based on a 70% butane and 30% pentane mixture. Our 4.26 carbon product appears to be based on two differences (typos?) from the paper that alter the yields.

If ALK4 emissions are introduced using a 4C assumption, then ALK4 chemistry is acting as a 7% carbon source. From a ozone reactivity standpoint, this is not a major issue. First, the speciation of VOC is highly uncertain and most of the atmosphere is NOx-limited. Even so, it represents another reason to revisit our lumped species.

I have extensive notes on what I interpret as happening. To the best of my knowledge, we need to make three modifications to R4O2 + NO. The first two are to make R4O2 correctly linked to Lurmann and the third is to correctly connect the mass emissions with the molar conservation.

  1. Increase MO2 stoichiometry from 0.18 to 0.19
  2. Increase RCHO stoichiometry from 0.13 to 0.14 (or A3O2 from 0.05 to 0.06 -- it is not clear to me when this was introduced).
  3. Modify the carbon count for ALK4 (i.e. the MolecRatio field in the GEOS-Chem species database) from 4 to 4.3.
Fixes 1 and 2—which can be applied to the KPP globchem.eqn file—will make the carbon conservation consistent with Lurmann's. Right now, it looks like there were a couple changes that could have been inadvertent (i.e., 0.18 instead of 0.19). If there was a reason for these changes, I have been unable to find it.

--Bob Yantosca (talk) 20:21, 31 January 2017 (UTC)

JPL Released 18th Rate Coefficient Evaluation

This update was included in v11-02a and approved on 12 May 2017.

JPL has released its 18th evaluation of chemical rate coefficients for atmospheric studies (Burkholder et al., 2015)." A new page (Updates in JPL Publication 15-10) is being created to compare rates between GEOS-Chem v10 and JPL Publication 15-10.

J. B. Burkholder, S. P. Sander, J. Abbatt, J. R. Barker, R. E. Huie, C. E. Kolb, M. J. Kurylo, V. L. Orkin, D. M. Wilmouth, and P. H. Wine "Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for Use in Atmospheric Studies, Evaluation No. 18," JPL Publication 15-10, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, 2015 http://jpldataeval.jpl.nasa.gov.

---B. Henderson 2016-05-03 15:25 (EDT)

Working Group Tele-con on the 2nd December 2011

ChemTelecon20111202 Mat Evans

Isoprene chemistry

I've created a page with some of the recent literature on isoprene chemistry. Please add more papers as they come along! ( MJE Leeds)

HO2 + CH2O

Scheme does not contain the HO2 + CH2O --> Adduct reaction (MJE Leeds)

Hermans, I., et al. (2005), Kinetics of alpha-hydroxy-alkylperoxyl radicals in oxidation processes. HO2 center dot-initiated oxidation of ketones/aldehydes near the tropopause, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 109(19), 4303-4311.

According to this paper, this reaction is significant when Temperature is below 220K.

--J Mao. 15:00, 10 Aug 2009 (EDT)

Previous issues that have now been resolved

Centralizing chemistry time step

This update was tested in the 1-month benchmark simulation v9-01-02q and approved on 18 Oct 2011.

Please see the full discussion on the Centralized chemistry time step wiki page.

--Bob Y. 16:01, 4 November 2011 (EDT)

Acetone photolysis

This discussion has been moved to our FAST-J photolysis mechanism wiki page.

--Bob Y. 15:20, 20 May 2014 (EDT)

Documentation

Obsolete.jpg

--Bob Y. 15:41, 27 October 2009 (EDT)